The concept of intelligent building construction has evolved to conserve energy and build buildings, both commercial and residential, that are energy efficient.
For commercial buildings, the transition to smart buildings is vital to the growth of the organization. It will help building management save a lot of money due to better efficiency and improved overall construction operations.
The Internet of things (IoT) has created a gateway\ to help manage and control elaborate buildings. These gateways are projected to exceed 64 million units in 2021, according to ABI Research.
Smart buildings and smart cities are continually transforming the way people go about their activities on a daily basis. Smart cities will soon emerge with things like streetlights and parking meters connected to commercial buildings and connected to the Internet. At the moment, some cities have begun implementing the smart city approach by connecting everything about their community to the Internet.
Thanks to the presence on the market of increasingly advanced and internet-connected devices (IoT), today’s constructions can enjoy added value on the market.
In addition to saving energy, smart buildings will help save money. Here are some of the biggest IoT smart building trends likely to take shape this year.
1. Predictive Maintenance
Predictive maintenance makes use of IoT sensors and other hardware devices to obtain a report on the status of a commercial building and all equipment in it. Provides the exact time at which maintenance needs to be performed.
Unexpected problems that usually emerge with preventive maintenance can be overcome using predictive maintenance. In addition, predictive maintenance makes it difficult to disrupt commercial activities because it is performed when it is necessary to keep the environment running at any time.
2. Measurement of air quality
The air quality of smart buildings can impact worker productivity. Research conducted by Environmental Health Perspectives shows that workers are 101% more efficient in their tasks when working from buildings with good indoor environmental quality than conventional buildings.
IoT devices can be used to control and measure air quality and CO2 levels in the air using various interconnected sensors. These devices are connected to all parts of buildings, which can help keep the environment and all users healthy and productive.
3. Complex applications supported by IoT
Another new trend expected in 2018 is the use of applications in smart buildings.
For example, the use of thermography will allow facility managers to check for equipment outside the temperature range. Therefore, they can be easily detected, and maintenance can be done before the equipment disrupts the system.
Another example will be the detection of ultrasonic noises. Electric transmission lines, which feature cracks or holes, produce ultrasonic sounds. This can go unnoticed in normal cases, but with IoT technology, you can easily pinpoint the location for maintenance.
4. Measurement and verification using IoT
Another area where the IoT has completely transformed is how commercial facility managers can track information, measure and collect data even in inaccessible areas within commercial buildings.
Commercial facility owners can install sensors in various parts of the building to keep track of all information they have never had access to in the past. IoT allows facility managers to access all information using interconnected systems.
IoT offers the ability to collect data in near real-time and analyze it with higher spatial resolution.
5. Real-time data accessibility
Another way through which IoT is making a difference in the smart building world is how fast data is reported. IoT devices give builders ideas to react quickly to emerging trends.
IoT applications allow structure managers to conduct various experiments to verify the result of optimization. It also provides space for IoT devices to monitor building systems using a panel. The first vehicle of this data exchange is the m2m IoT sim, soon replaced by e-sims i.e. real chips instead of physical sim.
6. IoT in the green construction movement
The IoT allows commercial owners to have sufficiently energetic buildings. It also affects the design of buildings and allows them to be eco-friendly and resource efficient.
These buildings are made to operate at optimal energy levels. They are also made to detect signs of equipment failure or degradation with an effective measurement and verification process as well as instruments.
These intelligent building management systems can be operated remotely from anywhere in the world. In addition, the indoor and outdoor environment is detected at all times to provide optimal results for ventilation, lighting, fire and safety.
7. IoT and Prefabricated Building Components
The IoT allows the use of prefabricated building components in the construction of a smart building. This ensures a faster and cheaper way than traditional construction methods.
This building, if used for commercial purposes could lead to less construction waste. Although using prefabricated homes for commercial purposes may be complicated, the IoT has moved forward various ways through which this can be addressed.
8. IoT in efficient construction management
The IoT allowed obsolete heavy construction equipment to be replaced with sensors that can be controlled using indicators such as vibrations and temperature fluctuations. So, by saving a lot of energy, the money reduces maintenance costs, since there are no rotating parts.
IoT improves construction management by providing the following
Advanced Sensor Equipment Monitoring and Repair Equipment
Inspection with Electronic Process
Management and Sorting Inventories with IoT
GPS tracking through material tagging and tracking
Security is easily implemented with RFID and IoT sensors
9. IoT for energy efficiency
The most important impact IoT has on buildings is energy efficiency. The use of networked sensors helps provide information that would help managers better control their resources and also reduce harmful waste in the environment.
There are numerous examples of using IoT for energy efficiency
Using temperature control sensors
Use actuators for HVAC controls
Complex applications such as providing complete energy automation for a Building
Allows offline and real-time communication
Consider the weather forecast to save real time energy costs
10. IoT for better asset optimization
The IoT also helps optimize resource optimization. It enables facility managers to use technological solutions, improve uptime of building equipment, and avoid product losses.
The IoT helps manage large quantities of all resources along the value chain. It tracks the maintenance of property and equipment. It helps with maintenance work order scheduling and provides automatic recommendations for equipment replacement.